Getting Started

    Ubuntu Linux is currently one of the most popular end-user linux-distributions  ( Ubuntu Linux is managed by the Ubuntu Foundation, whish is sponserd by Canonical, Ltd (, a commercial organization that support and promoted open source projects. Ubuntu base on … Continue reading


    Linux is an fast, stable, and open source operating system for PCs and workstations that features professional-level Internet services, extensive development tools, fully functional graphical user interfaces (GUIs), and a massive number of applications ranging from office suites to multimedia … Continue reading

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    Installing and Updating Software

    Ubuntu software distribution is implemented using the online Ubuntu software repositories, which contain an extensive collection of Ubuntu-compliant software. With the integration of repository access into your Linux system, you can think of that software as an easily installed extension of your current … Continue reading repository configuration

    For applications and codecs with licensing issues, like FFmpeg unrestricted support, Real Player, Google Earth, and the DVD Video commercial decoder (libdvdcss), you access the repository, Table lists some of the applications and codec available on the Medibuntu … Continue reading

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    Many GNOME-based applications make use of GStreamer, a streaming media framework based on graphs and filters ( Using a plug-in structure, GStreamer applications can accommodate a wide variety of media types: The Totem video player uses GStreamer to play DVDs, … Continue reading

    Photo Management: Shotwell, F-Spot, and Cheese

    The Shotwell Photo Manager provides an easy and powerful way to manage, display, and import, and publish your photos and images ( It is the default photo manager for Ubuntu 10.10. See the Shotwell user manual for full details (Help … Continue reading

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    Thunderbird is a full-featured stand-alone e-mail client provided by the Mozilla project ( It is designed to be easy to use, highly customizable, and heavily secure. It features advanced intelligent spam filtering, as well as security features like encryption, digital … Continue reading

    The KDE Mail Client: KMail

    The KDE mail client, KMail, provides a full-featured GUI interface for composing, sending, and receiving e-mail messages. KMail is part of the KDE Personal Information Management suite (KDE-PIM) which also includes an address book (KAddressBook), an organizer and scheduler (KOrganizer), … Continue reading

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    Firefox Bookmarks and History

    Firefox refers to the URLs of web pages you want to keep as bookmarks, marking pages you want to access directly. The Bookmarks menu enables you add your favorite web pages. You can also press CTRL-D to add a bookmark. … Continue reading

    Web Browsers

    Popular browsers for Ubuntu include Firefox (Mozilla), Rekonq, Chromium (Google), Epiphany, and Lynx. Firefox is the default Web browser used on most Linux distributions, including Ubuntu. Rekonq is the KDE Web browser, accessible from the KDE desktop, and Epiphany is … Continue reading

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    Managing Process

    Should you have to force a process or application to quit, you can use the Gnome System Monitor Processes tab to find, select, and stop the process. You should be sure of the process you want to stop. Ending a … Continue reading

    System Tools

    Useful system tools as well as user specific configuration tools can be found in the Applications | System Tools, System | Preferences, System | Administration, and Applications | Accessories menus. The Administration menu holds tools like the System Monitor for checking on resource … Continue reading

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    System Administration

    Most administrative configurations tasks are performed for you automatically. Devices like printers, hard drive partitions, and graphics cards are detected and set up for you. There are cases where you may need to perform tasks manually like adding new users and installing … Continue reading

    Controlled Administrative Access

    To access administrative tools, you have to login as a user who has administrative permissions. The user that you created during installation is given administrative permissions automatically. Log in as that user. When you attempt to use an administrative tool, … Continue reading

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    Ubuntu Social Desktop: the MeMenu

    Ubuntu provides integrated social networking support for broadcasting, IM (Instant Messenger), and VoIP (Voice over Internet). User can communicate directly with other users on your network. These applications are installed automatically and are ready to use when you first start … Continue reading

    Broadcast Services: Gwibber

    Ubuntu provides integrated support for social broadcasts (micro-blogging) based on the Gwibber project. You access broadcast accounts using Gwibber (Applications | Internet | Gwibber Social Client). The first time you use Gwibber, the “Broadcast Accounts” dialog is opened first letting … Continue reading

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    For 3D support, you can use compositing window manager support provided by Compiz-fusion. Windows are displayed using window animation, allowing windows to wobble, bend, and move in unusual ways. Desktops can also be accessed using 3D tools like the Desktop … Continue reading

    GNOME Desktop Menu

    You can right-click anywhere on the empty desktop to display the GNOME desktop menu that includes entries for common tasks, such as creating an application launcher, creating a new folder, or organizing the icon display. Keep in mind that the … Continue reading

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    The Command Line

    The shell is a command interpreter that provides a line-oriented interactive and non-interactive interface between the user and the operating system. You enter commands on a command line; they are interpreted by the shell and then sent as instructions to … Continue reading

    Filename Expansion: *, ?, [ ]

    Filenames are the most common arguments used in a command. Often you will know only part of the filename, or you will want to reference several filenames that have the same extension or begin with the same characters. The shell … Continue reading

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